Graduate Medical Education refers to any type of formal medical education, usually hospital-sponsored or hospital-based training, pursued after receipt of the M.D. or D.O. degree. This includes internships, residency, subspecialty and fellowship programs which lead to state licensure and board certification.

To gain access to GME programs resident physicians, typically, have graduated from medical school and will spend three to seven years in graduate medical education (GME) training at teaching hospitals. Member teaching hospitals educate the next generation of physicians through excellent and essential clinical training.