An emergency medicine residency is the training program an emergency medicine physician in-training enters following the completion of medical school.

Emergency medicine residency candidates must apply for individual programs through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS). Qualifying candidates will interview with individual programs. After comparing and weighing the options, candidates submit a rank order list (ROL) through the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). The ROL will be matched through a computer algorithm with the individual program’s rank list to determine where the candidate is placed.

Emergency medicine residency programs are typically three years or more. The first year, commonly referred to as PGY-1, is sometimes also referred to as an internship. Training extended beyond residency referred to as a fellowship.